In India the Rules and Regulations
related to driving license, registration of motor vehicles, control
of traffic, construction & maintenance of motor vehicles etc
are governed by the Motor Vehicles Act 1988 (MVA) and the Central
Motor Vehicles rules 1989 (CMVR). The Ministry of Shipping, Road
Transport & Highways (MoSRT&H) acts as a nodal agency for
formulation and implementation of various provisions of the Motor
Vehicle Act and CMVR.
In order to involve all stake holders in regulation formulation, MoSRT&H has constituted two Committees to deliberate and advise Ministry on issues relating to Safety and Emission Regulations, namely –
- CMVR- Technical Standing Committee (CMVR-TSC)
- Standing Committee on Implementation of Emission Legislation (SCOE)
- CMVR- Technical Standing Committee (CMVR-TSC) –
This Committee advises MoSRT&H on various technical aspects related to CMVR. This Committee has representatives from various organisations namely; Ministry of Heavy Industries & Public Enterprises (MoHI&PE)), MoSRT&H, Bureau Indian Standards (BIS), Testing Agencies such as Automotive Research of India (ARAI), Vehicle Research Development & Establishment (VRDE), Central Institute of Road Transport (CIRT), industry representatives from Society of Indian Automobile Manufacturers (SIAM), Automotive Component Manufacturers Association (ACMA) and Tractor Manufacturers Association (TMA) and representatives from State Transport Departments. Major functions the Committee are:
- To provide technical clarification and interpretation of the Central Motor Vehicles Rules having technical bearing, to MoRT&H, as and when so desired.
- To recommend to the Government the International/ foreign standards which can be used in lieu of standard notified under the CMVR permit use of components/parts/assemblies complying with such standards.
- To make recommendations on any other technical issues which have direct relevance in implementation of the Central Motor Vehicles Rules.
- To make recommendations on the new safety standards of various components for notification and implementation under Central Motor Vehicles Rules.
- To make recommendations on lead time for implementation of such safety standards.
- To recommend amendment of Central Motor Vehicles Rules having technical bearing keeping in view of Changes in automobile technologies.
CMVR-TSC is assisted by another Committee called the Automobile Industry Standards Committee (AISC) having members from various stakeholders in drafting the technical standards related to Safety. The major functions of the committee are as follows:
- Preparation of new standards for automotive items related to safety.
- To review and recommend amendments to the existing standards.
- Recommend adoption of such standards to CMVR Technical Standing Committee
- Recommend commissioning of testing facilities at appropriate stages.
- Recommend the necessary funding of such facilities to the CMVR Technical Standing Committee, and
- Advise CMVR Technical Standing Committee on any other issues referred to it
The National Standards for Automotive Industry are prepared by Bureau of Indian Standards (BIS). The standards formulated by AISC are also converted into Indian Standards by BIS. The standards formulated by both BIS and AISC are considered by CMVR-TSC for implementation.
- Standing Committee on Implementation of Emission Legislation (SCOE) – This Committee deliberates the issues related to implementation of emission regulation. Major functions of this Committee are –
- To discuss the future emission norms
- To recommend norms for in-use vehicles to MoSRT&H
- To finalise the test procedures and the implementation strategy for emission norms
- Advise MoSRT&H on any issue relating to implementation of emission regulations.
Based on the recommendations from CMVR-TSC and SCOE, MoSRT&H issues notification for necessary amendments / modifications in the in Central Motor Vehicle Rules.
In addition, the other Ministries like Ministry of Environment & Forest (MoEF), Ministry of Petroleum & Natural Gas (MoPNG) and Ministry of Non-conventional Energy Sources are also involved in formulation of regulations relating to Emissions, Noise, Fuels and Alternative Fuel vehicles.